As an organic farm founded upon permaculture principles, we are dedicated to the concept that the microbiological health of the soil is of primary importance. It is not just about NPK. We understand that diversity is critical to an enduring system. Each tree species supports different fungi necessary to all organic life.

To this end we have planted thousands of trees of many varieties. Some for lumber, some for fruit, some for the native animal species that depend on them for their survival. It is truly amazing how much work it is to raise these trees to a height and maturity that will allow them to survive. The voraciously competitive weeds and vines want to bring them down. We believe that the forest attracts rain and thus will bring back water to creeks that once ran year round. The diverse forest is the easiest way we know to return the soil to a useful microbial state.

An organic farm must produce an enormous amount of organic matter and animal waste to feed the productive plants and trees. To this end we raise several different animals and much of the farm is devoted to producing organic matter to produce this fertilizer.

As we import nothing from outside the farm, we must produce and process all of the products necessary to do this. We make molasses from cane. We make charcoal from wood and extract minerals from rocks. We mix manures with wood shavings to make compost. We use worms to process crude materials into fine worm castings and then use these ingredients in our fertilizers.

These pages are designed to orient you to some of these projects:

‘Our land is more valuable than your money. It will last forever. It will not even perish by the flames of fire. As long as the sun shines and the waters flow, this land will be here to give life to men and animals. It was put here for us by the Great Spirit and we cannot sell it because it does not belong to us. You can count your money and burn it within the nod of a buffalo’s head, but only the Great Spirit can count the grains of sand and the blades of grass on the plains. As a present to you, we will give you anything we have that you can take with you; but the land never’

Crowfoot, Blackfoot

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